Assessment of Antimicrobial Drugs Employed at Government-Operated Hospitals in Central and Northern Provinces of Iraq
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Department of Pharmacy, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq, Iraq
Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Tikrit University, Tikrit, Iraq, Iraq
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Karbala, Karbala, Iraq, Iraq
Submission date: 2023-10-01
Final revision date: 2024-01-10
Acceptance date: 2024-02-08
Publication date: 2024-07-06
Corresponding author
Mahmood Jawad   

Department of Pharmacy, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq, Iraq
Wiadomości Lekarskie 2024;(3)
Aim: To document the clinical patterns of antibiotic prescriptions in government hospitals, where the majority of physicians possess a degree-based training

Material and methods:
Materials and Method: A Retrospective cross section study carried out between 1/7/2022 and April 2023 that enrolling 300 patients from governmental hospitals from different provinces of Central and northern Iraq. The research form contained 15 fields divided into three sections. The first section contains social information such as age, gender, field of work, Residence and education. The second part consists of diagnosis and lab. Finding. The third part related to antibiotic uses: Number of AB prescribed, duration of using, type of use, route of administration, AB interaction, dose administration of AB, indication of Ab, and Class of AB.

Results: A total of 300 eligible patients, 165 patients (55.0%) were male and 135 (45.0%) were female, patients were <20 years ages were 117 (39.0%), 25 (8.3%) from the 20–29 years age group, 40-49 years ages were 28 (9.3%) and >50 years ages were 105 (35.0%) were which belong to the pediatric population. The 198 patients (66.0%) were used cephalosporins and 106 (53.5%) of them used alone. A 13-19% percentage of patients had used penicillin, carbapenem, anti-fungal, and aminoglycoside in combination form.

Conclusions: The implementation of clinical guidelines, the provision of direct instruction, and the regular dissemination of antibiogram data have the potential to encourage a more judicious consumption of antibiotics.

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