Evaluation of clinical and demographical finding in patients with oral lichen planus: A retrospective cross sectional study
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Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad-Iraq, Iraq
Submission date: 2024-01-27
Final revision date: 2024-02-07
Acceptance date: 2024-03-15
Publication date: 2024-07-09
Corresponding author
Shahad Ihsan Kadhum   

Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad-Iraq, Iraq
Wiadomości Lekarskie 2024;77(5):1025-1032
Background: Oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disorder that frequently involves the oral mucosa. Aims: to learn more about Oral Lichen Planus Iraqi patients, including their background information, symptoms, and prognosis.

Material and methods:
Materials and methods: From the Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Department, College of Dentistry, Baghdad University, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 68 patients with a histologically confirmed clinical diagnosis of oral lichen planus and subsequently contacted the patients by phone to evaluate their prognosis.

Results: Females were more likely than males to experience severe pain; the reticular form of Oral Lichen Planus was the most prevalent at 38.2%, but the erosive type was more prevalent among females. Only 53 of 68 patients responded to phone calls. More than 37% of those respondents reported involvement at a second location intra-orally following the first oral manifestation, and 20% had extraoral Lichen Planus, and approximately 22.6% of them observed changes in the morphology and behavior of the lesion after a brief period of time, while 26.4% experienced complete remission.

Conclusion: Females were more likely to have oral lichen planus. Females and elderly persons were more likely to have severe pain than other. The lesion must be monitored for symptomatic flare-ups over time.

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